The Atex (Atmosphère Explosible) term refers to the 94/9/CE directive of the European Union, which covers introduction on the market of anti-explosion equipment or protective mechanical and electrical systems. This directive refers to industries that realize products intended for use in “potentially explosive atmospheres”.
The products covered by Atex include:
located outside potentially explosive environments, but that ensure a safe use of anti-explosion systems.
Atex environments are classified into the following categories:
Hazards: gas, vapor or mist
The most common ignition sources include sparks, open flames or hot gas, high surface temperature, spontaneous combustion, mechanically generated impact or friction sparks, electrostatic discharge and radiation.
The industrial sectors covered by Atex include shipbuilding companies, oil and gas industries, electronics, food sector, chemical-pharmaceutical sectors, painting industry, laser technologies, shooting ranges, arms industry as well as cosmetics.